The Naja kaouthia venom sources from three different localities were reported to exhibit different intravenous and subcutaneous median lethal dose: Thailand, 0.18-0.22 µg/g; Malaysia, 0.90-1.11 µg/g; and Vietnam, 0.90-1.00 µg/g, of mouse body weight. Adults can reach a maximum of 2.3 m (7.5 ft) in length. This article uses material from Wikipedia released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. In areas where the distribution of this species coincides with protected areas, probably providing small safeguards. In 1831, René Lesson first described the monocled cobra as a beautiful snake that is distinct from the spectacled cobra, with 188 ventral scales and 53 pairs of caudal scales. They are also found on the Malay Peninsula and are native to Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos, Nepal, and Thailand. In 1839, Thomas Cantor described a brownish monocled cobra with numerous faint yellow transverse stripes and a hood marked with a white ring under the binomial Naja larvata, found in Bombay, Calcutta, and Assam. Monocled cobras are distributed from India in the west through to China, Vietnam and Cambodia. [6] Adult monocled cobras reach a length of 1.35 to 1.5 m (4.4 to 4.9 ft) with a tail length of 23 cm (9.1 in). It has a pair of fixed anterior (front) fangs. The major toxic components in cobra venoms are postsynaptic neurotoxins, which block the nerve transmission by binding specifically to the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, leading to flaccid paralysis and even death by respiratory failure. Monocled cobras are harvested for the skin trade, however, collection from the wild is minimal and not likely to cause significant population declines. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. When disturbed they prefer to take flight. [12] Egg-laying takes place January through March. [6], This species has been assessed as Least Concern by IUCN owing to its large distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats including anthropogenically altered environments, and its reported abundance. The GT and Cobra are two cars from the American auto maker, Ford. It has an O-shaped monocellate hood pattern, which is different from the spectacled pattern of the Indian Cobra. License: 12/02497, license issued for GibbonWoot (Managing Company), Khao Phra - Bang Khram Wildlife Sanctuary, Erawan Falls, Cave & Historical Sites | from Kanchanaburi, Erawan Falls, Hellfire Pass & Historical Sites | from Kanchanaburi, 2-days/1-night private tour | Khao Sok Lake, 3-days/2-nights private tour | Khao Sok Lake, 4-days/3-nights wildlife tour | Khao Sok Lake, 1-day wildlife tour with night safari in Khao Yai, 2D1N | Sai Yok National Park, Erawan Falls, Raft House, Cave & Historical Sites, 2D1N | Sai Yok National Park, Erawan Falls & camping in jungle, Day tour - Huai Mae Khamin Falls, Phra Tat Cave & The Bridge over River Kwai, Bangkok - Kanchanaburi - Erawan Falls - Hellfire Pass, Khao Sok from Phuket - Krabi - Surat Thani - Ko Lanta, List of lizards and crocodiles in Thailand, Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. [5], The monocled cobra has an O-shaped, or monocellate hood pattern, unlike that of the Indian cobra, which has the "spectacle" pattern (two circular ocelli connected by a curved line) on the rear of its hood. Monocled cobras tend to have more than one cuneate scale on each side. [7][8], They have 25 to 31 scales on the neck, 19 to 21 on the body, and 17 or 15 on the front of the vent. [1], In 1831, René Lesson first described the monocled cobra as a beautiful snake that is distinct from the spectacled cobra, with 188 ventral scales and 53 pairs of caudal scales.[2]. In areas where the distribution of this species coincides with protected areas, probably providing small safeguards. The largest fang recorded measured 6.78 mm (0.678 cm). They have 164 to 197 ventral scales and 43 to 58 subcaudal scales. In 1940, Malcolm Arthur Smith classified the monocled cobra as a subspecies of the spectacled cobra under the trinomial Naja naja kaouthia. fasciata. Lesser Kudu and Greater Kudu: what is the difference. However, the presence of fang marks does not always imply that envenomation actually occurred. GT vs Cobra. Egg-laying takes place January through March. Fangs are moderately adapted for spitting. Drowsiness, neurological and neuromuscular symptoms will usually manifest earliest; hypotension, flushing of the face, warm skin, and pain around bite site typically manifest within one to four hours following the bite; paralysis, ventilatory failure or death could ensue rapidly, possibly as early as 60 minutes in very severe cases of envenomation. The species also occurs in agricultural land and human settlements including cities. [9], Some populations of the monocled cobra have the ability to spit venom. It has a black spot on each side of its hooded head. The rest of the belly is usually the same color as the back, but paler. Many larger specimens have been recorded, but they are rare. A pair of fixed anterior fangs is present. They are often found in tree holes and areas where rodents are plentiful. A notable difference was observed in heterophil percentage of spectacled cobra (45.60±4.05) which was much higher than the reported values for Monocled cobras, Siamese spitting cobras and golden spitting cobras (4.4±1.0, 1.9±0.5 and 4.7±1.3). The monocled cobra (Naja kaouthia), also called monocellate cobra, is a venomous cobra species widespread across South and Southeast Asia and listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. Eventual photos shown in this page may or may not be from Wikipedia, please see the license details for photos in photo by-lines. No problem if you do not know the species, we will do our best to identify it for you. It can be olivaceous or brownish to black above with or without a yellow or orange-colored, O-shaped mark on the hood. What’s the difference between giraffe manure and zebra manure? The Naja kaouthia venom sources from three different localities were reported to exhibit different intravenous and subcutaneous median lethal dose: Thailand, 0.18-0.22 µg/g; Malaysia, 0.90-1.11 µg/g; and Vietnam, 0.90-1.00 µg/g, of mouse body weight. The monocled cobra causes the highest fatality due to snake venom poisoning in Thailand. [19] The average venom yield per bite is approximately 263 mg dry weight. • King cobra is considerably larger and heavier than cobra is. What is the difference between the Emu and the Rhea? [21] Envenomation usually presents predominantly with extensive local necrosis and systemic manifestations to a lesser degree. The shape of the frontal scale is short and square. Little Egret, Intermediate Egret, Great Egret: what’s the difference? This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. It has a black spot on the lower surface of the hood on either side, and one or two black cross-bars on the belly behind it. What’s the difference between the Warthog and the Wild Boar? The biggest difference between the two is in the amount of brake horsepower that they are able to put out. What is the difference between King Cobra and Cobra? Our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. To add a new location to the range map we need a clear image of the specimen you have encountered.

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