It may, then, have been the goal of Dandolo and the Crusaders to merely pass through Constantinople, put a new emperor on the throne and then carry on to Jerusalem with their ships resupplied and their coffers refilled. The legacy of the Fourth Crusade was the deep sense of betrayal the Latins had instilled in their Greek coreligionists. They captured Murzuphlus a year later and had him killed, but rival Greek claimants appeared immediately, the most important of which were the Empire of Nicaea and the Despotate of Epirus. The Fourth Crusade lasted from 1202 to 1204 AD. A slaughter of the defenders and the city’s some 400,000 inhabitants followed. A plague at Acre then wiped out half of the Crusader force, but as the ruler of Damascus, Al Malik al-‘Adil, seemed intent on avoiding a direct confrontation, certain territories were conceded to the Kingdom of Jerusalem including Nazareth, Jaffa, Ramla, and a strip of land near Sidon. The result of the Fourth Crusade was the sack and plunder of the Byzantine capital, Constantinople, by the Crusaders. The riches of Constantinople, it was thought, could pay for the rest of the Crusade as it marched on to Jerusalem. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Initially, the defenders held on, but eventually, the attackers forced their way through on both the sea side and the land side, the attackers smashing through the city’s gates. The Crusaders, now cheated of their reward and disgusted at the treachery of the Byzantines, declared war on Constantinople, which fell to the Fourth Crusade on April 12, 1204. As previously, those who went to the Holy Land and fought the infidels would receive a remission of their sins, but as an added incentive, Innocent III now extended this ‘benefit’ to those who gave the necessary money to fund a warrior to go in their stead. The Fourth Crusade lasted from 1202 to 1204 AD. Sacked on 12 April 1204 CE, Constantinople was stripped of its riches, relics, and artworks, and the Byzantine Empire was divided up between Venice and its allies. What kind of job can you get with a MA in business management or adminisstration? Innocent was informed of the plan, but his veto was disregarded. Related Content The Venetians Attack Constantinople, 1204 CEby Domenico Tintoretto (Public Domain). The Fourth Crusade was thus called for by Pope Innocent III (r. 1198-1216 CE) in August 1198 CE. The stated goal was to reconquer Jerusalem, which had been under the control of Muslims since 1187, for Christendom. East-West Suspicion. When most ignored him (some few did go on to Acre), he did issue a bull of excommunication. It was now, though, that the westerners realised that Alexios’ promises had all been false. The choice was an immensely rich and chivalrous Italian with an impressive Crusader pedigree in his family, Marquis Boniface of Montferrat. When Pope Innocent heard what the crusaders had planned, he was furious. Emperor Michael VIII (r. 1259-1282 CE) was then able to place his throne back in the palace of his Byzantine predecessors. In October 1202 CE the army was finally ready to set sail from Venice to Egypt - seen as the soft underbelly of the enemy. Unlike the previous Crusade, then, this was not to be a “Kings' Crusade”. Alexius IV, who owed his throne to Latins, became bitterly unpopular and was finally toppled in a palace coup in late January 1204. In the final years of the 12th century CE, all four monarchs of Europe’s most powerful kingdoms, England, France, Germany, and Spain, were busy with internal affairs, and in the case of England and France, serious territorial squabbles with each other. What followed was one of the most profitable and disgraceful sacks of a city in history. What is the timing order of an 1985 Plymouth horizon? The leader of Venice, Doge Enrico Dandolo, was a man of great sagacity and prudence who was in his 90s and completely blind by the time of the Crusade.

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