He joined the Nazi Party in 1939. [79], By the end of the war, Schindler had spent his entire fortune on bribes and black market purchases of supplies for his workers. [50] Emilie Schindler called Göth "the most despicable man I have ever met. Description: Oskar Schlegel Jr. is the son of Oskar Schindler. He was buried on Mount Zion in Jerusalem. Schindler continued to collect information for the Nazis, working in Poland in 1939 before the invasion of Poland at the start of World War II. Schindler was born on 28 April 1908, into a Sudeten German family in Zwittau, Moravia, Austria-Hungary. [45] On 13 March 1943, the ghetto was liquidated and those still fit for work were sent to the new concentration camp at Płaszów. Schindler convinced SS-Hauptsturmführer Amon Göth, commandant of the nearby Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp, to allow him to move his factory to Brněnec in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, thus sparing his workers from almost certain death in the gas chambers. [22] Schindler showed Stern the balance sheet of a company he was thinking of acquiring, an enamelware factory called Rekord Ltd[a] owned by a consortium of Jewish businessmen that had filed for bankruptcy earlier that year. [88] Schindler, along with Karl Plagge,[89] Georg Ferdinand Duckwitz,[90] Helmut Kleinicke,[91] and Hans Walz[92] are among the few Nazi Party members to be given this award. He was also briefly detained for kissing a Jewish girl on the cheek. In 1939, Schindler acquired an enamelware factory in Kraków, Poland, which employed at the factory's peak in 1944 about 1,750 workers, of whom 1,000 were Jews. [5], Schindler's father, an alcoholic, abandoned his wife in 1935. [85] Remaining in contact with many of the Jews he had met during the war, including Stern and Pfefferberg, Schindler survived on donations sent by Schindlerjuden from all over the world. [30], Schindler's ties with the Abwehr and his connections in the Wehrmacht and its Armaments Inspectorate enabled him to obtain contracts to produce enamel cookware for the military. "[94], In 1951, Poldek Pfefferberg approached director Fritz Lang and asked him to consider making a film about Schindler. The ring was inscribed "Whoever saves one life saves the world entire. He gave him copies of some materials he had on file, and Keneally soon decided to make a fictionalised treatment of the story. In  1982, the Australian writer Thomas Keneally published a novel called Schindler’s Ark. He had many affairs with other women. [58][59], In 1943, Schindler was contacted via members of the Jewish resistance movement by Zionist leaders in Budapest. Other awards include the German Order of Merit (1966). [21] Property belonging to Polish Jews, including their possessions, places of business, and homes were seized by the Germans beginning immediately after the invasion, and Jewish citizens were stripped of their civil rights. Oskar Jr Schlegel: Oskar Schlegel Jr. is the son of Oskar Schindler. In 1949, he moved to Argentina, where he opened a farm and raised animals. [39] On one occasion, the Gestapo came to Schindler demanding that he hand over a family that possessed forged identity papers. He also often bribed Nazi officials. [70][71] Schindler also arranged for the transfer of as many as 3,000 Jewish women out of Auschwitz to small textiles plants in the Sudetenland in an effort to increase their chances of surviving the war. [74][73] Schindler continued to bribe SS officials to prevent the slaughter of his workers as the Red Army approached. He created a list of 1200 workers that were supposed to be transported to the new location. After an 18-month stint in the Czech army, where he rose to the rank of lance corporal in the Tenth Infantry Regiment of the 31st Army, Schindler returned to Moravian Electrotechnic, which went bankrupt shortly afterwards.

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