Unfortunately, this period could not last forever; the 1930s soon led to the beginning of the World War II, a conflict that cost 6, 700, 000 civilian deaths in the Soviet Union alone. Rarely has the world seen such a unique decade in time as the Roaring Twenties. It was the era of prosperity and global changes in every field of cultural, social, and economy life. Between 1919 and 1929 horsepower per wage earner in manufacturing skyrocketed by 50 percent, signaling a robust wave of mechanization that increased productivity by 72 percent in manufacturing, 33 percent in railroads, and 41 percent in mining. In 1912, only 16 percent of American households had electricity; by the mid-20s, almost two-thirds did. Everything was back to normal. Many Americans were looking boldly ahead, but just as many were gazing backward, to cherished memories of a fabled national innocence. Supporters believed that drinking liquor was immoral. Most country folk did not experience the prosperity of the Roaring Twenties. “A rose would wilt in his hand,” one observer famously remarked. Joshua Zeitz has taught American history at Harvard University and Cambridge University. The very wealthy could only buy so many cars, washing machines, radio sets, and movie tickets. One of the inherent dangers involved in the business of smuggling liquor was the possibility of a hijacking. Bryan, they said, had unintentionally exposed fundamentalism as a simpleton’s creed, while Darrow had established the supremacy of science over fundamentalist Christianity. If many of the social trends that we associate with the twenties had long been building, the decade was indeed unique in many ways. You can view samples of our professional work here. But the 1920s were an age of extreme contradiction. The business was profitable for everyone involved. The president disavowed anything beyond minimal regulation of business and commerce. The golden door would remain closed for another forty years. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Speakeasies started to be popular and increased their number during the decade. Though the twenties are remembered primarily as a decade of bold innovation and experimentation, they also witnessed a fierce counter-revolutionary tendency. Fifty years later, they would reemerge as a powerful force in American public life. Also, they started bribing public officials; many lawmakers, judges and Prohibition Bureau members were all involved in various crime organizations. The decade of 1920-1929 was a time of great change, reform, improvement, adjustment and alteration of everything Americans had come to rely on. And it was a decade of technological wonder. It was the age of prohibition, it was the age of prosperity, and it was the age of downfall. It was an age... Roaring Twenties Essay. Moreover, in order to enforce the 18th amendment, it was created the Volstead Act, in 1919. was fabricated and so people listened to the radio for enjoyment and music. During the Twenties, new aspects of culture were established, the economy was prosperous, there was a widespread social reform, and people found a better way to enjoy their lives and improve their lifestyle. They immediately began to regroup and charter missions, publishing houses, and radio stations. The same thing was in the case of owning any item designed to manufacture alcohol, to the guilty ones were applied specific fines and jail sentence(“Making own beer will be difficult under new regime!”). It was a period of time called The Roaring Twenties, where America becomes urban and commercial and gets to know the speed, spending, mobility, entertainment and fearlessness. By the mid-’20s Americans bought over three-quarters of all furniture, phonographs, and washing machines on credit. By the way, if you need help in writing any assignment, we will find the best thesis writer for you. They also had more opportunities to buy competitively priced durable items, thanks to new methods of production and distribution. The country was confident—and rich. Drinking, transporting, making and selling alcohol became illegal and many found it to be exciting and glamorous so, illegal clubs sprang up where people could go socialize and drink. Closely associated with the rise of the flapper, the twenties gave rise to a frank, national discussion about sex. Business taxes were low (presidents Harding, Coolidge and Hoover did not interfere in business) and import taxes were high (tariffs), protecting American industry. It was thought that Prohibition will reduce the number of divorces, deaths, accidents and poverty. Rather than adopt strong federal regulatory and fiscal measures, he called for more studies and for an organized—but voluntary—response on the part of the private sector. No plagiarism, guaranteed! And the generation that came of age in the twenties learned things at the movie palace that they couldn’t learn in school. The retreat from progressivism during this time was evident in how t Orphaned at the tender age of nine, Hoover was raised by austere Quaker relatives in Iowa. Americans living in the 1920s could listen to Roxy and His Gang, the Clicqot Club Eskimos, and the Ipana Troubadours. [6] Lynn Dumenil. Fundamentalists and protestant religious groups favored the liquor ban because it was considered that alcohol contributed to society’s sins and evils, especially in cities. Harding’s successor, Calvin Coolidge, may have been the most reticent man ever to occupy the White House. A popular Vaudeville skit had the straight-man announce that the Depression was over. He is the author of Flapper: A Madcap Story of Sex, Style, Celebrity and the Women Who Made American Modern (2006) and White Ethnic New York: Jews, Catholics, and the Shaping of Post-War Politics (2007). As Canadians take a glance on the 1920s, it was a time period that was compacted with happiness and tremendous misery. On November 2, 1920, radio station KDKA in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, broadcast the presidential election returns. The Roaring Twenties was a celebration of youth and culture. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. The owners of these saloons produced their own homemade alcohol but also many imported it. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! Essay on The Roaring Twenties… The new Klan represented diverse ideas to its polyglot membership. He looked the other way while his secretary of the interior accepted almost $400,000 in kickbacks in exchange for a long-term lease on oil-rich federal lands at Teapot Dome, Wyoming. VAT Registration No: 842417633. After 1920, Americans seemed to aspire to “normalcy.” In Warren G. Harding, they got exactly what they bargained (and voted) for. It was the high-water mark for the Klan. But by then, it hardly seemed to matter. The United States experienced a recession that was followed by a period of unlimited prosperity. The core of jazz music was in Harlem; a musical form belonging to the South and played mostly by black people. [2] Robert S. Lynd and Helen Merrell Lynd, Middletown: A Study in Modern American Culture (New York, 1929), 257, 524. During the decade, a new woman was about to be created. Initially, many Americans supported the idea of Prohibition. Although the United States encountered both positive and negative experiences, it proved to be very influential in the future. 49 W. 45th Street, 2nd Floor • NYC, NY 10036, The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. Company Registration No: 4964706. As factories and shops mechanized, the work week of the urban blue-collar worker fell from 55.9 hours in 1900 to 44.2 in 1929, while his or her real wages rose by 25 percent. To summarize, I would say that the Prohibition was thought to be more moral but it did not realized its main goals. rock on gilderlehrman :), This helped me out so much i just love learning about history, I've started to use essay to replace the boring textbook in my US History classes, Copyright © The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History 2009-2019. . It was also a period of intolerance and isolationism. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. When a constituent bet that she could “get more than two words” out of him, the President replied simply: “You lose.” Upon hearing that Coolidge had passed away in 1933, the famous wit Dorothy Parker asked: “How could they tell?”, Coolidge slashed the federal budget by almost half, eliminated the gift tax, sliced the estate tax by 50 percent, and lowered the maximum federal surtax from 60 percent to 20 percent. Instead, what followed was a sensational trial that pitted the famous “lawyer for the damned” Clarence Darrow, a committed civil libertarian and almost fanatical atheist, against William Jennings Bryan, the famously eloquent Nebraskan who had thrice failed to attain the presidency but who remained a hero to rural fundamentalists in the South and Midwest. Until, Prohibition happened. At the beginning of the twenties era, Canadians experienced life as a celebration.

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